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With undergraduate degrees in biology, chemistry, occupational health and safety or some other science- or health-related field, a health inspector has also passed tests outlining municipal, state or federal standards for worker and consumer safety. This allows the health inspector to specialize in a particular workplace, including food services, factories and aquatic facilities. Because standards change, continuing education is also required.
The health inspector will assess the following during a visit to a pool or spa. Specific regulations depend on the locale. 1. Gates are self-closing and -latching and in good repair. 2. Fences are the correct height, with bars that are not too far apart and not too far off of the ground. 3. The deck has a clear pathway, with no items near the edge of the pool. Chairs should not pose any tripping hazards. 4. Coping is intact and caulked. In addition, water should be able to run over the coping and into a drain. 5. Plaster is in good condition with no cracks, chips, stains, algae or debris. 6. Underwater tile is free of cracks and chips. Depth markers are correct and easily visible at all times on the side and top of the pool. 7. Spas are equipped with an emergency shutoff switch. 8. Skimmers are in place at all times, free of damage and easily accessible. They must also include anti-air lock devices. 9. A life ring and rescue pole are present and easily accessible at all times. The life ring has an attached rope that is long enough to reach across the widest part of the pool. 10. Signs are clear and undamaged. 11. The water chemistry is correct. 12. Water systems are controlled by a 24-hour clock and chemical feeders meet local regulations. 13. Flow meter measurements are within required ranges.
A health inspector has the right to close or not issue an operating permit for a pool or spa if the facility does not meet basic safety requirements. This may include: broken glass on deck or in the water, human fecal contamination in water, damage to the main drain covers, murky water, malfunctioning filtration system, issues with fences and gates, or other hazards.