In its most basic sense, plumbing is anything that moves water from one place to another. At a swimming pool, this includes pipes, hoses and fixtures, like faucets, drains, vessels and even toilets.

There are two parts to a plumbing system: water supply and sewage systems. Clearly, swimming pool and spa facilities have sophisticated plumbing systems.

Typically a pool or spa’s plumbing is inspected, repaired and replaced by an expert plumber. However, pool owners should be familiar with the basic system, so that they can identify when it is time to enlist in professional assistance. Some basic repairs and replacements are DIY. Safety is an important consideration when taking on these repairs or installations.

In addition, local, state and federal regulations will dictate certain decisions when considering plumbing. For example, the Virginia Greame Baker (VGB) Safety Act mandates that the main pool drains of commercial pools be fitted with an anti-entrapment device (AED). In addition, local regulations will restrict how wastewater is disposed.

One of the most common problems with pool plumbing is leaks. Owners and managers can test for leaks before securing a contractor for repairs, saving money and time. However, professional companies can locate underground plumbing leaks without digging, using a geophone.